Henrietta de Beaulieu Dering Johnston was the first American artist of either sex to work in pastel and the first recorded professional American women artist. Though she did her work in colonial South Carolina, Johnston was born in Rennes, France, to Francis and Suzanna de Beaulieu. Her parents were French Huguenots who migrated to London in 1687 because of religious persecution.
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Women in American History: A Social, Political, and Cultural Encyclopedia and Document Collection Volume One: Precolonial North America To The Early Republic – Dr. Peg A. Lamphier And Dr. Rosanne Welch, Editors
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